Skip to main content

Production of Volatile Compounds in Cheese by Pseudomonas fragi Strains of Dairy Origin

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

Volatile compounds produced in cheese by five Pseudomonas fragi strains isolated from 1-day-old raw milk cheeses were investigated. Each strain was representative of a different biochemical group of isolates of identical phenotypic characteristics, according to identification with API 20 NE strips. The five strains were ascribed to the species P. fragi after 16S rRNA sequencing because of their high degree of coincidence with P. fragi ATCC 4973. In each of two experiments, carried out on different days, five cheeses were made at laboratory scale from pasteurized milk separately inoculated with approximately 105 CFU/ml of each P. fragi strain. After 12 days at 10°C, mean counts of P. fragi strains were close to 1010 CFU/g in the outer part of cheeses and close to 108CFU/g in the inner part. A total of 131 volatile compounds, 49 of which were further characterized, were identified in cheeses by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry after extraction with a purge and trap apparatus. Abundances of compounds were generally higher in the outer part of cheeses. Production of volatile compounds was clearly strain dependent. Only two strains produced ethyl esters, and three produced nonethyl esters. Ethyl acetate, ethyl butyrate, ethyl caproate, methyl acetate, isopropyl acetate, and propyl tiglate were the major esters, and ethanol, 2-propanol, and 3-methyl butanol were the major alcohols. Undecene was the major hydrocarbon, dimethyl sulfide and methyl thiocyanate the major sulfur compounds, and 2-pentanone the major ketone. Two aromatic compounds, styrene and o-dichlorobenzene, were present in all cheeses.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, INIA, Carretera de La Coruña Km 7, Madrid, 28040 Spain

Publication date: July 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
iafp/jfp/2005/00000068/00000007/art00011
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more