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Quantum Dots as Fluorescent Labels for Quantitative Detection of Salmonella Typhimurium in Chicken Carcass Wash Water

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Fluorescent semiconductor quantum dots have recently emerged as a novel and promising class of fluorescent labels for biological detection. In this study, quantum dots were used as fluorescent labels in immunoassays for quantitative detection of foodborne pathogenic bacteria. Salmonella Typhimurium cells were separated from chicken carcass wash water using anti-Salmonella antibody coated magnetic beads and reacted to secondary biotin-labeled anti-Salmonella antibody. Quantum dots coated with streptavidin were added to react with biotin on the secondary antibody. Measurement of the intensity of fluorescence produced by quantum dots provided a quantitative method for microbial detection. A linear relationship between Salmonella Typhimurium cell number (log N) in the samples of chicken carcass wash water and the fluorescence intensity (FI) was found for the cell numbers ranging from 103 to 107 CFU/ml. The regression model can be expressed as FI = 198.6 Log N − 639.03 with R 2 = 0.96. The detection limit of this method was 103 CFU/ml.

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Center of Excellence for Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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