Food Protective Effect of Acaricidal Components Isolated from Anise Seeds against the Stored Food Mite, Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank)

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The acaricidal activity of anise seed–isolated anisaldehyde and commercially available components of anise seed was examined against Tyrophagus putrescentiae adults and compared with those of synthetic acaricides, benzyl benzoate, dibutyl phthalate, and N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET). On the basis of LD50 (50% lethal dose) values, the compound most toxic to T. putrescentiae adults was anisaldehyde (LD50, 0.96 μg/cm2), followed by benzyl benzoate (LD50, 11.3 μg/cm2), anethole (LD50, 12.3 μg/cm2), dibutyl phthalate (LD50, 13.3 μg/cm2), DEET (LD50, 13.5 μg/cm2), estragole (LD50, 17.4 μg/cm2), and myrcene (LD50, 56.2 μg/cm2). Anisaldehyde was about 11.8 and 14 times more toxic than benzyl benzoate and DEET against T. putrescentiae adults, respectively. The results suggested that anisaldehyde, anethole, estragole, and myrcene derived from anise seeds are useful as a lead compound to development new agents for selective control of the stored food mite.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty of Biotechnology and Research Center for Industrial Development of Biofood Materials, College of Agriculture & Life Science, Chonbuk National University, Chonju 561-756, South Korea

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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