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Thermal Properties and Granulometry of Dried Powders Strongly Influence the Effectiveness of Heat Treatment for Microbial Destruction

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The thermal treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, which were homogeneously incorporated into dried wheat flour particles, was performed for various particle radii (0.8 to 1.6, 1.6 to 2.8, 2.8 to 3.2, and 5 mm) and for an initial water activity of 0.20. A new high-temperature short-time process developed by our laboratory for powder decontamination was used at 150, 200, and 250°C for 5 to 30 s, and significant destruction of up to a 6.7-log reduction, depending on treatment conditions and granule size, was achieved. This study confirms the strong influence of granulometry on the microbial destruction of homogeneously contaminated powdered products. Moreover, a thermal model was developed that takes into account the thermal properties of each component, the variations during heat treatment, and the energy required for phase change. This model provides a tool for predicting yeast destruction.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Alimentaires et Biotechnologiques, E.N.S.B.A.N.A., 1, Esplanade Erasme, 21000 Dijon, France

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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