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Associations between On-Farm and Slaughter Plant Detection of Salmonella in Market-Weight Pigs

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Thirty swine production units in the midwestern United States were studied to assess the relationship of herd-level prevalence of Salmonella on the farm prior to slaughter versus at slaughter. Fecal samples were collected from 30 pigs on each farm within 48 h of slaughter, and 30 ileocecal lymph node samples were collected in the same shipment cohort at slaughter. Samples were cultured by conventional methods, and Salmonella identity was confirmed by serotyping. Overall, 11.7% (n = 105) of the fecal samples and 14.9% (n = 133) of the ileocecal lymph node samples were positive for Salmonella. Seventeen of the farms (56.7%) had one or more positive fecal samples, and 24 (80.0%) had one or more positive ileocecal lymph node samples. Twenty-four recognized serotypes and three additional distinct antigenic types were identified. Among all isolates, 56.5% had serotypes that were duplicated both on the farm and at slaughter for a particular cohort, whereas the remaining samples lacked a duplicate serotype in the other sample type. There was a positive correlation in the prevalence of Salmonella between fecal samples and ileocecal lymph node samples (Spearman's ρ = 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.62 to 0.89). Linear regression analysis was used to identify two farms that biased the regression estimates. Excluding these farms, 62% of the variance in farm slaughter Salmonella prevalence was accounted for by on-farm prevalence. The analyses suggest that the prevalence of Salmonella spp. at slaughter can be predicted from preslaughter on-farm sampling and vice versa.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 2: Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine 3: Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana– Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61802, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2005

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