Effect of Water Activity and Temperature on Mycelial Growth and Ochratoxin A Production by Isolates of Aspergillus ochraceus on Irradiated Green Coffee Beans
Abstract:Aspergillus ochraceus as a fungal contaminant and ochratoxin A (OTA) producer plays an important role in coffee quality. Temperature and water activity (aw) significantly influence mycelial growth and OTA production by isolates of A. ochraceus on green coffee beans. Maximum mycelial growth was found at 30°C and 0.95 to 0.99 aw. A marked decrease in growth rate was observed when temperature and aw were reduced. At 0.80 aw, mycelial growth occurred only at 30 and 20°C for one isolate. Maximum OTA production was found at 20°C and 0.99 aw. At 10°C, OTA was not produced, regardless of aw. Similarly, no OTA was detected at 0.80 aw. OTA production ranged from the limit of detection (40 ng g-1 of green coffee) to 17,000 ng g-1 of green coffee. Significant intraspecific differences in mycelial growth and OTA production were found. Primary data for lag phases prior to mycelial growth under the influence of temperature and aw were modelled by multiple linear regression, and the response surface plots were obtained.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Food Technology, Lleida University, CeRTA-UTPV, Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain