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Formation of Biofilms by Listeria monocytogenes under Various Growth Conditions

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Eight strains of Listeria monocytogenes (7644, 19112, 15313, Scott A, LCDC, 10403S, SLCC, and 1370) produce biofilms when grown on polyvinyl chloride microtiter well plates. The growth medium (tryptic soy broth [TSB] or modified Welshimer's broth [MWB] at 32°C) influenced the amount of biofilm formed; maximum biofilms were formed in MWB by six strains and in TSB by the remaining two strains. This result suggests that the growth medium is critical in development of L. monocytogenes biofilm. This organism also produced biofilms on stainless steel chips. Biofilm formation on these chips was observed following growth in TSB at 4, 20, and 37°C. After 20 h of incubation at 20 or 37°C, the cell density was approximately 106 CFU per chip, and after 4 days incubation at 4°C, the cell density was 105 CFU per chip. L. monocytogenes strain Scott A biofilm formation on stainless steel chips was visualized using scanning electron microscopy, which revealed dense aggregates of cells held together by meshlike webbing.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois, 486 Animal Sciences Laboratory, 1207 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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