Fate of Salmonellae in Orange and Grapefruit Concentrates during Cold Storage
Abstract:Orange and grapefruit concentrates at 42, 50, and 64°Brix were inoculated with a five-strain cocktail of acid-adapted salmonellae stored at 0,2 5,2 10,2 15, or2 20°C and sampled for population survival up to 11 and 50 days for grapefruit and orange concentrates, respectively. Survivor curves were nonlinear and best fit by a three-parameter power equation: Y = a + bXc . Final log reductions ranged from 2.3 to 4.8 after 50 days in orange concentrate and 6.0 to 6.9 after 11 days in grapefruit concentrate. Storage times needed to achieve a 5-log population reduction among all treatments for grapefruit concentrate ranged from 1.0 to 5.8 days. Significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) were observed among results for different temperatures within any single Brix level; however, storage times among Brix levels at any one temperature were not significantly (P ≤ 0.05) different. Results indicate that cold storage of grapefruit concentrate is a viable treatment for achieving a 5-log reduction in salmonellae.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Florida, IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, Florida 33850, USA
Publication date: December 1, 2004
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