Skip to main content

Effects of Recovery, Plating, and Inoculation Methods on Quantification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes from Strawberries

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Effects of different recovery and inoculation methods on quantification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes from strawberries were studied. Strawberries were spot or dip inoculated with 7 to 8 log CFU per strawberry of each pathogen, air dried for 2 h, and stored for 1, 3, and 7 days at 4°C. The inoculated samples were stomached or washed with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; pH 7.2) or with modified PBS (pH 8.4). Bacterial levels were determined using a direct selective plating, thin agar layer plating, or membrane-transferring plating (MTP) with tryptic soy agar and sorbital MacConkey agar (E. coli O157:H7) or modified Oxford agar (L. monocytogenes). Under most test conditions, washing with PBS followed by MTP had significantly higher (P < 0.05) recovery for both bacteria compared with other tested methods. Within a 7-day storage period for spot-inoculated strawberries, a stomaching step resulted in an injury of 0.9 to 1.4 log CFU for E. coli O157:H7 and 1.4 to 1.7 log CFU for L. monocytogenes. When a washing step was used instead, this resulted in an injury of only 0.2 to 0.6 log CFU for E. coli O157:H7 and 0.2 to 0.7 log CFU for L. monocytogenes. Both bacteria could survive on strawberry surfaces, but their recovered levels decreased with the increase of storage time at 4°C for both spot and dip inoculation methods. Dip inoculation generally had a lower recovery than spot inoculation. An ideal protocol to recover and enumerate E. coli O157:H7 and L. monocytogenes from strawberries involved shaking and washing samples with 100 ml of PBS for 15 min at 22°C coupled with a MTP enumeration method.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Food Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1160, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more