Irradiation and Chlorination Effectively Reduces Escherichia coli O157:H7 Inoculated on Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) without Negatively Affecting Quality

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Abstract:

Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum) inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 at levels approximating 107 CFU/g was dipped in 200 ppm chlorine solution followed by low-dose gamma irradiation. Samples were plated on tryptic soy agar containing 50 μg/ml nalidixic acid (TSAN) as well as TSAN plates with two 7-ml layers of basal yeast extract agar (TSAN-TAL). Levels of E. coli O157:H7 recovered from both types of media were determined over 11 days. Chlorination alone reduced counts by just over 1.0 log cycle, whereas irradiation at 1.05 kGy resulted in a 6.7-log reduction, and a combination of irradiation and chlorination reduced counts more than 7 log cycles. Trained panels performed analytical sensory tests at time intervals for 14 days to detect changes in yellowing, tip burn, browning, black rot, sliminess, off-aroma, and off-flavor. Sensory tests found no significant differences among attributes over time or dose in samples irradiated at 1.08 to 3.85 kGy. This study showed that combination treatments of chlorination and low-dose irradiation can significantly reduce levels of E. coli O157:H7 in fresh cilantro while maintaining product quality.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological Sciences, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, California 92866, USA 2: Department of Physical Sciences, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, California 92866, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2004

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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