Experimental Use of 2-Nitropropanol for Reduction of Salmonella Typhimurium in the Ceca of Broiler Chicks
Authors: Jung, Yong Soo; Anderson, Robin C.; Edrington, Thomas S.; Genovese, Kenneth J.; Byrd, J. Allen; Callaway, Todd R.; Nisbet, David J.
Source: Journal of Food Protection®, Number 9, September 2004, pp. 1824-2074 , pp. 1945-1947(3)
Abstract:The effect of 2-nitropropanol (2NPOH) administration on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in experimentally infected chicks was determined. Chicks orally challenged with 106 CFU/ml of a novobiocin- and naladixic acid–resistant Salmonella Typhimurium at 6 days of age were divided into three groups receiving 0 (control), 6.5, and 13 mg 2NPOH per bird (experiment 1) or four groups receiving 0 (control), 13, 65, and 130 mg 2NPOH per bird (experiment 2). Treatments were administered orally 1 day post–Salmonella challenge. Cecal contents collected at necropsy 24 and 48 h after treatment were subjected to bacterial and volatile fatty acid (VFA) analysis. In experiment 1, concentrations (mean ± SD log CFU per g) of Salmonella were reduced (P < 0.05) in the group administered 13 mg 2NPOH per bird at both the 24- and 48-h samplings compared with the controls (2.58 ± 2.10 versus 4.64 ± 1.79 and 2.88 ± 2.78 versus 5.03 ± 2.42 at 24 and 48 h, respectively). In experiment 2, mean SD populations of Salmonella were reduced (P < 0.05) in all groups receiving 2NPOH compared with untreated controls (3.65 ± 2.01, 3.39 ± 2.42, and 3.47 ± 1.55 at 13, 65, and 130 mg, respectively, versus 6.09 ± 1.02). Propionate concentrations were reduced (P < 0.05) by the 13-mg 2NPOH per bird treatment. Total VFA concentrations from the group treated with 13 mg 2NPOH per bird were lower (P < 0.05) by 48, but not 24, hours posttreatment than those from the group treated with 6.5 mg 2NPOH per bird. These results demonstrate the inhibitory activity of 2NPOH against Salmonella Typhimurium in vivo.
Document Type: Short Communication
Affiliations: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, Food and Feed Safety Research Unit, College Station, Texas 77845, USA
Publication date: 2004-09-01
- IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites