Angiotensin I–Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of Peptides Derived from Egg White Proteins by Enzymatic Hydrolysis
Abstract:The hydrolysis of crude egg white with pepsin, trypsin, and chymotrypsin produced peptides with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory properties. These peptides were mainly derived from the proteolysis of ovalbumin. The most active hydrolysates were obtained after treatment with pepsin (50% inhibitory concentration [IC50], 55.3 μg/ml), with the fraction having a molecular mass lower than 3,000 Da giving the highest ACE inhibitory activity (IC50, 34.5 μg/ml). Nine subfractions were collected from the fraction with a molecular mass lower than 3,000 Da using semipreparative reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Considerable ACE inhibitory activity (IC50 < 40 μg/ml) was found in three of them. These subfractions were analyzed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, and 14 peptides were identified. These sequences were synthesized, and their ACE inhibitory activities were measured. Among the identified peptides, two novel sequences with potent ACE inhibitory activity were found. The amino acid sequences of these inhibitors were identified as Arg-Ala-Asp-His-Pro-Phe-Leu and Tyr-Ala-Glu-Glu-Arg-Tyr-Pro-Ile-Leu and showed IC50 values of 6.2 and 4.7 μM, respectively.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales (CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Publication date: September 1, 2004
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites