Autoinducer-2–like Activity Associated with Foods and Its Interaction with Food Additives
Abstract:The autoinducer-2 (AI-2) molecule produced by bacteria as part of quorum sensing is considered to be a universal inducer signal in bacteria because it reportedly influences gene expression in a variety of both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. The objective of this study was to determine whether selected fresh produce and processed foods have AI-2–like activity and whether specific food additives can act as AI-2 mimics and result in AI-2–like activity. The luminescence-based response of the reporter strain Vibrio harveyi BB170 was used as the basis for determining AI-2 activity in the selected foods and food ingredients. Maximum AI-2 activity was seen on the frozen fish sample (203-fold, compared with the negative control) followed by tomato, cantaloupe, carrots, tofu, and milk samples. Interestingly, some samples were capable of inhibiting AI-2 activity. Turkey patties showed the highest inhibition (99.8% compared with the positive control) followed by chicken breast (97.5%), homemade cheeses (93.7%), beef steak (90.6%), and beef patties (84.4%). AI-2 activity was almost totally inhibited by sodium propionate, whereas sodium benzoate caused 93.3% inhibition, compared with 75% inhibition by sodium acetate. Sodium nitrate did not have any appreciable effect, even at 200 ppm. Understanding the relationships that exist between AI-2 activity on foods and the ecology of pathogens and food spoilage bacteria on foods could yield clues about factors controlling food spoilage and pathogen virulence.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Poultry Science Department and Institute of Food Science and Engineering, Food Safety and Environmental Microbiology Program, Texas A&MUniversity, College Station, Texas 77843 2: Poultry Science Department and Institute of Food Science and Engineering, Food Safety and Environmental Microbiology Program, Texas A&MUniversity, College Station, Texas 77843; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern Plains Agriculture ResearchCenter, Food and Feed Safety Research Unit, College Station, Texas 77845, USA
Publication date: July 1, 2004
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