Skip to main content

Inactivation of Salmonella during Drying and Storage of Roma Tomatoes Exposed to Predrying Treatments Including Peeling, Blanching, and Dipping in Organic Acid Solutions

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of predrying treatments, i.e., peeling, blanching prior to inoculation, and dipping in organic acid solutions, on inactivation of Salmonella during drying (60°C for 14 h) and aerobic storage (25°C for 28 days) of inoculated (five-strain composite, 7.1 to 7.4 log CFU/g) Roma tomato halves. Four predrying treatments groups were established. One group received no treatment (C). In the other three groups, unpeeled-unblanched, unpeeled-blanched (steam blanched at 88°C for 3 min), peeled-unblanched, and peeled-blanched tomato halves were immersed for 10 min in water (W), ascorbic acid solution (AA; 3.40%, pH 2.48), or citric acid solution (CA; 0.21%, pH 2.51). Appropriate dilutions of homogenized tomato samples were spread plated on tryptic soy agar with 0.1% pyruvate and XLT4 agar for bacterial enumeration during drying and storage. Ten minutes of immersion in W, AA, or CA reduced bacterial populations by 0.7 to 1.6 log CFU/g. After 14 h of dehydration, total log reductions in the populations of bacteria were 3.2 to 4.5 (C), 3.7 to 4.9 (W), >5.6 to >6.1 (AA), and 4.5 to 5.5 (CA) log CFU/g, depending on type of agar used and condition of tomato samples. During drying and storage, the order of pathogen inactivation for predrying dipping treatments was AA > CA > W C, with AA and CA rendering bacterial populations below detectable levels (<1.3 log CFU/g) prior to storage and between 7 and 14 days of storage, respectively. The results also indicated that peeling and blanching of tomatoes prior to inoculation may not necessarily affect destruction of Salmonella during the drying process. Use of predrying acid dipping treatments of tomatoes, especially in AA, may improve destruction of Salmonella during the dehydration process.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University,Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1171, USA 2: Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Colorado State University,Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1171, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more