Relation of Biogenic Amines with Microbial and Sensory Changes of Whole and Filleted Freshwater Rainbow Trout (Onchorynchus mykiss) Stored on Ice
Abstract:The biogenic amine (BA) content of whole and filleted rainbow trout was monitored during ice storage for a period of 18 days and related to respective microbial and sensorial changes occurring during the same period. Eight amines, namely, putrescine, cadaverine, tyramine, spermidine, tryptamine, β-phenylethylamine, spermine, and histamine, were determined. Agmatine was not detected in any of the fish samples. In all cases, concentration of BAs was higher (P < 0.05) in filleted compared with whole trout samples. Pseudomonads, H2S-producing bacteria, and, to a lesser extent, Enterobacteriaceae were the dominant microorganisms in both whole and filleted trout. Higher populations (P < 0.05) of these microorganisms were present in filleted trout compared with whole fish samples. Of the BAs determined, concentration of putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine, tryptamine, and β-phenylethylamine increased steeply in both whole and filleted trout between days 15 and 18 of storage when pseudomonads and H2S-producing bacteria reached approximately 106 to 107 CFU/g. For the rest of the BAs, including tyramine, histamine, and spermine, a stepwise increase was recorded throughout the entire storage period. Interestingly, Enterobacteriaceae counts remained below 106 throughout the entire storage period, accounting for the lower production of histamine. A putrescine value of 13 to 14 mg/kg and a spermidine value of approximately 7 mg/kg for both the whole and filleted trout obtained after 12 and 9 days, respectively, may be proposed as the upper limit for spoilage initiation (freshness indicator) of fresh rainbow trout based on sensorial and microbiological (total viable count of 106 to 107) data. With respect to other amines determined, both tyramine and spermine may also be proposed as freshness indicators preferably for whole trout, whereas tryptamine, β-phenylethylamine, histamine, and cadaverine produced only during later stages of storage are not suitable as freshness indicators of either whole or filleted trout.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Food Microbiology, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, Ioannina 45110, Greece
Publication date: May 1, 2004
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites