Encapsulation of Nisin and Lysozyme in Liposomes Enhances Efficacy against Listeria monocytogenes
Abstract:The efficacy and stability against Listeria monocytogenes of nisin and lysozyme encapsulated in phospholipid liposomes was evaluated. Antimicrobial-containing liposomes were prepared by hydrating dried lipids with buffer containing nisin, nisin plus the fluorescence probe calcein, or calcein and lysozyme. Mixtures were then centrifuged and sonicated, and encapsulated liposomes were collected using size-exclusion chromatography. Antimicrobial concentration in liposomes was determined by bicinchoninic acid assay prior to determination of antimicrobial activity against strains of L. monocytogenes. When nisin was encapsulated in liposomes, protein concentrations of 0.39, 0.27, and 0.23 mg/ml for phosphatidylcholine (PC), PC-cholesterol (7:3), and PC-phosphatidylglycerol (PG)-cholesterol (5:2:3), respectively, were obtained. Encapsulation of nisin with calcein yielded protein concentrations of 0.35, 0.39, and 0.28 mg/ml for PC, PC-cholesterol, and PC-PG-cholesterol, respectively. Encapsulation of calcein with lysozyme resulted in protein concentrations of 0.43, 0.26, and 0.19 mg/ml for PC, PC-cholesterol, and PC-PG-cholesterol, respectively. Encapsulated nisin in 100% PC and PC-cholesterol liposomes inhibited bacterial growth by >2 log CFU/ml compared with free nisin. Growth inhibition with liposomal lysozyme was strain dependent, with greater inhibition observed for strains 310 and Scott A with PC-cholesterol and PC-PG-cholesterol liposomes. Inhibition of L. monocytogenes indicated the potential of liposomes to serve as delivery vehicles for antimicrobials in foods while improving stability of antimicrobials.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Physical Science, Chapman University, Orange, California 92866, USA 2: Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, Walters Life Sciences and Food Safety Center of Excellence, 2605 River Drive, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA 3: Food Safety Center of Excellence, and Department of Food Science and Technology, 2605 River Drive, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA
Publication date: May 1, 2004
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites