Survival of Listeria monocytogenes in Vanilla-Flavored Soy and Dairy Products Stored at 8°C

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The survival of Listeria monocytogenes V37 in vanilla-flavored yogurt (low-fat and nonfat) and soy milk (low-fat and Plus) stored at 8°C for 31 days was investigated. Commercial samples of yogurt and soy milk were used. These samples were inoculated with either 104 or 107 CFU of L. monocytogenes per ml. Sampling was carried out every 3 to 4 days initially and was then carried out weekly, for a total storage time of 31 days. Each time a sample was collected, the pH of the sample was measured. After 31 days, low-fat plain, low-fat vanilla, and nonfat plain yogurt samples inoculated with 104 CFU/ml showed 2.5-log reductions in viable cell populations, and nonfat vanilla yogurt showed a 3.5-log reduction. For yogurt inoculated with 107 CFU/ml, reductions of 2.5 log CFU/ml were observed for plain low-fat and nonfat yogurts, and reductions of 5 log CFU/ ml were observed for vanilla-flavored low-fat and nonfat yogurts. In vanilla-flavored and plain low-fat and Plus soy milk samples, cell counts increased from 104 and 107 CFU/ml to 109 CFU/ml at 7 and 3 days of storage, respectively, at 8°C. Coagulation in soy milk samples was observed when the cell population reached 109 CFU/ml. In soy milk, the L. monocytogenes population did not change for up to 31 days. Vanillin had an inhibitory effect on L. monocytogenes in yogurt but not in soy milk.


Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: National Center for Food Safety and Technology, Illinois Institute of Technology Moffett Campus, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit-Argo, Illinois 60501, USA 2: National Center for Food Safety and Technology, Illinois Institute of Technology Moffett Campus, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit-Argo, Illinois 60501, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2004

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