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Inactivation of Salmonella Typhimurium and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Apple Juice by a Combination of Nisin and Cinnamon

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Pasteurized apple juice with nisin (0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 ppm, wt/vol) and cinnamon (0 and 0.3%, wt/vol) was inoculated with Salmonella Typhimurium and Escherichia coli O157:H7 at 104 CFU/ml and stored at 5 and 20°C. Counts on tryptic soy agar (TSA), selective medium (xylose lysine desoxycholate agar for Salmonella Typhimurium, and MacConkey sorbitol agar for E. coli O157:H7), and thin agar layer (TAL) were determined at 1 h and 1, 3, 7, and 14 days. The TAL method (selective medium overlaid with TSA) was used for recovery of sublethally injured cells. The pathogens were gradually inactivated by the acidic pH of apple juice. Nisin and cinnamon greatly contributed to the inactivation. The killing effect was more marked at 20°C, with counts in all treated samples being undetectable by direct plating in 3 days for Salmonella Typhimurium and 7 days for E. coli O157:H7. Thus, several factors influenced the decrease in counts: low pH, addition of nisin and cinnamon, and storage temperature. The TAL method was as effective as TSA in recovering injured cells of the pathogens. The combination of nisin and cinnamon accelerates death of Salmonella Typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7 in apple juice and so enhances the safety of the product.


Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Call Hall, Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2004

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