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Detection of Salmonella enterica Somatic Groups C1 and E1 by PCR-Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

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Objectives of this study were to develop a PCR-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA) for identification of Salmonella enterica somatic groups C1 and E1 and to evaluate this procedure along with a PCR-ELISA procedure for S. enterica somatic groups B, C2, and D in a masked study. Primers were selected from the rfb gene cluster, which is responsible for biosynthesis of O antigens of Salmonella lipopolysaccharide. Previously serogrouped Salmonella isolates (n = 169) were used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the PCR-ELISA procedure. DNA from all isolates was amplified using the PCR procedure for selected somatic groups and amplified products were visualized on agarose gels, as well as subjected to the ELISA procedure. The PCR-ELISA technique correctly identified 97% of somatic group C1 and 87% of somatic group E1. The sensitivity of this procedure to correctly identify S. enterica somatic group C1 was 97% and 88% for somatic group E1. The specificity was 98% for both somatic groups C1 and E1. The PCR-ELISA techniques correctly identified 93% of Salmonella isolates belonging to somatic groups B, C1, C2, D, and E1. The overall sensitivity of this procedure to correctly identify S. enterica somatic groups was 96% and the specificity was 98%. Ninety-one percent of somatic group D, 92% of somatic group B, and 97% of somatic group C2 were identified correctly with this procedure. Results of this study indicate that the PCR-ELISA procedure is a rapid and accurate method for serogrouping Salmonella isolates. Utilization of the PCR-ELISA procedure for Salmonella serogrouping would aide in identification, surveillance, prevention, and control of Salmonella.


Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: University of Tennessee Food Safety Center of Excellence, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 2: Department of Veterinary Science, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-1009, USA

Publication date: December 1, 2003

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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