Comparison of Homogenization Methods for Recovering Salmonella Enteritidis from Eggs
Abstract:For Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) detection, shell eggs have been homogenized with stomachers, with electric blenders, and by hand massaging. However, to date, there have been no published reports addressing whether the method of homogenization affects the recovery of SE from raw eggs. Three inoculum levels (10, 126, and 256 SE cells per pool of 10 eggs) were used to conduct three experiments. The 10-egg pools were homogenized by one of four homogenization methods - mechanical stomaching, electric blending, hand massaging, and hand stirring - for 30 s. The homogenized eggs were then incubated at 37°C, and SE colonies were enumerated after 24 and 48 h of incubation. After 24 h of incubation, no SE was recovered from egg samples from stomached or electrically blended pools inoculated with <10 cells, while levels of 106 CFU/ml were found for samples from whipped or hand-massaged pools inoculated with <10 cells. Similarly, after 24 h of incubation, the numbers of SE cells recovered from hand-massaged or hand-stirred egg pools inoculated with 126 cells were significantly larger than the numbers recovered from stomached or electrically blended egg pools inoculated with 126 cells. The number of SE cells recovered from samples homogenized with a blender was still significantly smaller than the numbers recovered from samples homogenized by the other three methods when the inoculum level was increased to 256 CFU per pool. However, the SE count for all samples approached 9 log10 CFU/ml after 48 h of incubation. It is concluded that the detection of small SE populations in shell egg samples could be improved with the use hand massaging and hand stirring for homogenization.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: U.S Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Plant and Dairy Foods and Beverages, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA 2: U.S Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Plant and Dairy Foods and Beverages, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, Maryland 20740, USA 3: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory, 934 College Station Road, Athens, Georgia 30605, USA