Enantiomeric Distribution of Chiral Compounds in Orange Juices according to Their Geographical Origins
Abstract:Chiral terpenes in nonprocessed orange juices of different geographical origins were examined by two different approaches: steam distillation–solvent extraction–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (SDE-GC-MS) and solid-phase microextraction–gas chromatography (SPME-GC). The two sample preparation techniques were compared with regard to their effectiveness in determining the enantiomeric distributions of chiral compounds. Most target compounds exhibited constant enantiomeric ratios in all juices when either of the two approaches was used. Exceptions were found for terpinen-4-ol and β-citronellol, whose of enantiomeric purity ratios varied significantly according to the geographical origin of the sample. These results may aid in guaranteeing the authenticity and thus the quality and safety of orange juice. A comparison between the two extraction procedures revealed SPME to be more reliable for stereochemical studies, since harsh experimental conditions that can bring about racemization are not required in such studies.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain 2: Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient´ıficas, Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain
Publication date: August 1, 2003
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites