Isolation of Arcobacter spp. from Retail Meats and Cytotoxic Effects of Isolates against Vero Cells

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Abstract:

A survey of Arcobacter spp. was conducted over a 12-month period in Guadalajara, Mexico. A total of 135 samples (45 lean ground beef samples, 45 lean ground pork samples, and 45 chicken samples, including drumsticks, gizzards, and ground or chopped breast) were collected from local butcheries. The samples were enriched in Johnson-Murano enrichment medium and then streaked onto Johnson-Murano agar plates. Typical colonies were subjected to microscopic and biochemical identification followed by polymerase chain reaction confirmation of the genus Arcobacter. All isolates confirmed to be Arcobacter isolates were then inoculated into Eagle's minimum essential medium to determine their cytotoxicity against Vero cells. Arcobacter spp. were detected in 28.8, 51.1, and 40.0% of beef, pork, and chicken samples, respectively. From these samples, 101 isolates were confirmed to be Arcobacter spp. by polymerase chain reaction. Overall, the species most frequently identified was A. butzleri, followed by A. skirrowii. A. cryaerophilus was isolated only from pork meat. Ninety-five (95%) of the Arcobacter isolates produced a virulence mechanism against Vero cells, and 38 of them induced cell elongation, indicating enterotoxin production. Eighteen isolates produced the formation of vacuoles, and 39 produced both vacuolization and elongation. The vacuolization effect may be related to a vacuolizing toxin. The production of a vacuolizing toxin by Arcobacter spp. has not previously been reported. Results obtained in this study indicate that Arcobacter spp. may show cytotoxic effects other than the recognized enterotoxin production.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratorio de Microbiolog´ıa Sanitaria, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Marcelino Garc´ıa Barraga´n 1451, Guadalajara 44430, Me´xico & Departamento de Microbiolog´ıa, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biolo´gicas, Instituto Polite´cnico Nacional, Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Me´xico, D.F. 2: Laboratorio de Microbiolog´ıa Sanitaria, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Marcelino Garc´ıa Barraga´n 1451, Guadalajara 44430, Me´xico 3: Laboratorio de Microbiolog´ıa Sanitaria, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Marcelino Garc´ıa Barraga´n 1451, Guadalajara 44430, Me´xico 4: Departamento de Microbiolog´ıa, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biolo´gicas, Instituto Polite´cnico Nacional, Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Me´xico, D.F. 5: Laboratorio de Microbiolog´ıa Sanitaria, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Marcelino Garc´ıa Barraga´n 1451, Guadalajara 44430, Me´xico & Animal Science Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2471, USA 6: Departamento de Microbiolog´ıa, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biolo´gicas, Instituto Polite´cnico Nacional, Carpio y Plan de Ayala, Me´xico, D.F. 7: Animal Science Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2471, USA 8: Laboratorio de Microbiolog´ıa Sanitaria, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Marcelino Garc´ıa Barraga´n 1451, Guadalajara 44430, Me´xico

Publication date: August 1, 2003

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