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Impact of pH Enhancement on Populations of Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Boneless Lean Beef Trimmings

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Boneless lean beef trimmings were inoculated with multiple strains of salmonellae, Listeria monocytogenes, and Escherichia coli O157:H7 at levels of ca. 6 log10 CFU/g. pH enhancement with ammonia gas was then used to increase the pH of the trimmings to ca. 9.6. The product was then frozen, chipped, and compressed into blocks. pH enhancement reduced the populations of salmonellae, L. monocytogenes, and E. coli O157:H7 by approximately 4, 3, and 1 log10 cycles, respectively. After the product had been frozen and compressed into blocks, no salmonellae or E. coli O157:H7 were detectable by enumeration or after enrichment and isolation. The final populations of L. monocytogenes were reduced by ca. 3 log10 cycles relative to the initial populations. When uninoculated pH-enhanced lean boneless trimmings were blended with inoculated ground beef to a final concentration of 15% (wt/wt), pathogen populations in the ground beef were reduced by approximately 0.2 log10 cycles.


Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: Food Safety Research Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, 207 Science I, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2003

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