Growth and Germination of Proteolytic Clostridium botulinum in Vegetable-Based Media
Abstract:The growth of proteolytic Clostridium botulinum from spore inocula and changes in spore counts in mushroom, broccoli, and potato purées were monitored. Four strains of proteolytic C. botulinum types A and B were inoculated separately at approximately 104 spores per ml in nutrient broth and vegetable purées incubated at 15, 20, and 30°C for up to 52 days. The times for the cell populations to increase 1,000-fold (T 1,000) in the tested vegetables (1 to 5 days at 30°C, 3 to 16 days at 20°C, 7 to >52 days at 15°C) were similar to those for meat or fish. Only temperature significantly influenced growth rate. In contrast, the lag phase depended on the strains and media tested, in addition to temperature. Lag times and T 1,000s for proteolytic C. botulinum were longer for potato and broccoli purées than for mushroom purée. These differences were not related to different pHs or redox potentials. The germination level, evaluated as the decrease in the spore count, was low. The addition of a germinant mixture (L-cysteine, L-alanine, and sodium lactate) to some strains inoculated in vegetable purées resulted in an increase in germination, suggesting a lack of germination-triggering agents in the vegetable purées.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unite´Mixte de Recherche A408 Se´curite´et Qualite´des Produits d'Origine Ve´ge´tale, Site Agroparc, 84914 Avignon cedex 9, France 2: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unite´Mixte de Recherche A408 Se´curite´et Qualite´des Produits d'Origine Ve´ge´tale, Site Agroparc, 84914 Avignon cedex 9, France
Publication date: May 1, 2003
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