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Suppression of Salmonella Growth by Wild-Type and Large-Plaque Variants of Bacteriophage Felix O1 in Liquid Culture and on Chicken Frankfurters

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The bacteriophage Felix O1, a member of Myoviridae, is specific for, and possesses a broad host range within, the genus Salmonella. This work explores a Felix O1 phage-based intervention for Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT104 that is potentially applicable at several stages of animal production and processing. A variant of Felix O1 was obtained that produces a larger, clearer plaque phenotype (LP) on Salmonella Typhi than wild-type Felix O1 (WT) does, not unlike r mutants of phage T4. LP exhibited slightly more extensive overall suppression of Salmonella Typhi in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth, as ascertained on the basis of culture turbidity (optical density at 600 nm). Both phage variants suppressed log phase BHI broth cultures containing 8.2 × 106 CFU of Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 per ml. A PFU/CFU ratio of 1.0 was effective for WT and LP,whereas increasing the PFU/CFU ratio to 5.0 did not increase suppression. Untreated Salmonella-contaminated frankfurters were compared with treated samples (PFU/CFU ratio, 1.9 × 104) to test WT and LP for their ability to suppress Salmonella growth on chicken frankfurters contaminated with 300 CFU of Salmonella Typhimurium DT104. Suppression levels of 1.8 and 2.1 log units were achieved with WT and LP,respectively (P = 0.0001), but no difference was found between the performances of the two variants (P = 0.5088).


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0342, USA 2: Center for Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0342, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2003

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