The combined effects of acetic acid and mustard flour were investigated to ascertain their impact on Escherichia coli O157:H7 stored at 5 and 22°C. Samples were prepared with various concentrations
of acetic acid (0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1% [vol/vol]) combined with 10% (wt/vol) Baltimore or Coleman mustard flour and 2% (fixed; wt/vol) sodium chloride. An acid-adapted mixture of three E. coli
O157:H7 strains (106 to 107 CFU/ml) was inoculated into prepared mustard samples that were stored at 5 and 22°C, and samples were assayed periodically for the survival of E.
coli O157:H7. The numbers of E. coli O157:H7 were reduced much more rapidly at 22°C than at 5°C. E. coli O157:H7 was rapidly reduced to below the detection limit (<0.3 log10
CFU/ml) after 1 day at 22°C, whereas it survived for up to 5 days at 5°C. There was no synergistic or additive effect with regard to the killing of E. coli O157:H7 with the addition of small
amounts of acetic acid to the mustard flour. When stored at 5°C, mustard in combination with 0.25 (M-0.25), 0.5 (M-0.5), and 0.75% (M-0.75) acetic acid exerted less antimicrobial activity than the control
(M-0). The order of lethality at 5°C was generally M-0.25 = M-0.5 < M-0.75 = M-0 < M-1. The addition of small amounts of acetic acid (<0.75%) to mustard retards the reduction of E. coli
O157:H7. Statistical reduction in populations of E. coli O157:H7 (P < 0.05) was enhanced relative to that of the control (mustard alone) only with the addition of 1% acetic acid. This information
may help mustard manufacturers to understand the antimicrobial activity associated with use of mustard flour in combination with acetic acid.
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-6376, USA
Publication date: October 1, 2002
More about this publication?
IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: email@example.com or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
To access the Journal of Milk and Food Technology, please click here.