Development of a Technique To Quantify the Effectiveness of Enrichment Regimes in Recovering "Stressed" Listeria Cells
Abstract:A rapid, reliable microwell plate method based on the most probable number (MPN) technique was used to determine the effectiveness of five enrichment regimes in the recovery and enumeration of Listeria spp. cells from five seafood products. The products tested were chosen to reflect conditions under which cells were exposed to the "stresses" associated with a variety of food-processing techniques, such as treatments involving an ethanol-based marinade, lowered pH (acetic acid), heat, sugar and salt brine (Gravilax), or frozen storage. Either Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria innocua were present in food samples as natural contaminants or L. monocytogenes was added in the laboratory. Listeria repair broth (LRB), buffered Listeria enrichment broth, Listeria enrichment broth (LEB), Fraser broth, and University of Vermont modified Listeria enrichment broth were used to recover Listeria cells. The effectiveness of these enrichment regimes was found to be dependent on the type of stresses the cells had been exposed to. After exposure to ethanol, recovery of L. monocytogenes cells was inhibited in enrichment regimes involving a nonselective period of resuscitation. On exposure to acetic acid, there were no significant differences (P < 0.05) between any of the regimes used. With heat-stressed cells, LRB recovered significantly fewer (P < 0.05) cells than did any other medium. On exposure to osmotic stress (elevated sugar and salt concentrations), LEB recovered the fewest cells. The largest number of cells was recovered from frozen fish (Hoki [Macruronus novazelandiae]) fillets with LRB. No single enrichment regime was consistently the most effective.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Seafood Research Laboratory, New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Limited, Nelson New Zealand, P.O. Box 5114, Port Nelson, New Zealand 2: New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Limited, Food Science, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Publication date: July 1, 2002
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites