Comparison of the Cell Surface Properties and Growth Characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria innocua
Abstract:Growth kinetics and physicochemical surface properties were compared for three Listeria strains with differing degrees of virulence: L. monocytogenes LO28; its isogenic, nonhemolytic mutant L. monocytogenes Bof415; and a nonvirulent species, L. innocua (strain Lin9). The influences of growth stage (mid-exponential phase, early stationary phase, and mid-stationary phase) and culture temperature (20 and 37°C) were assessed by determining the electrical properties and the hydrophobichydrophilic and Lewis acid-base characteristics of the three strains. L. innocua, although taxonomically very similar to L. monocytogenes, exhibited physicochemical surface properties that differed significantly from those of L. monocytogenes LO28 and L. monocytogenes Bof415. Indeed, under our experimental conditions, L. innocua cells presented a more marked electronegative character (particularly when cultured at 20°C), as well as greater variability in their Lewis acid-base characteristics as a function of temperature and growth stage. Furthermore, the growth kinetics of the three strains revealed the onset of a decay phase after 16 h of culture at 37°C for the L. monocytogenes Bof415 mutant. All of these results demonstrate that under our experimental conditions, the growth and/or physicochemical characteristics of the slightly pathogenic or nonpathogenic Listeria strains (Bof415 and Lin9) differed from those of the virulent strain (L. monocytogenes LO28). Consequently, the use of Listeria strains recognized as nonvirulent appeared to provide a model that was not fully suitable for simulating the bioadhesive behavior of the pathogenic strains involved in foodborne diseases.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Unitéde Recherche en Bioadhésion et Hygiène des Matériaux, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 25, Avenue de la République, F-91744 Massy cedex, France 2: Centre Technique de la Salaison, de la Charcuterie et des Conserves de Viandes, 7, Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France 3: Unitéde Recherche en Bioadhésion et Hygiène des Matériaux, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, 25, Avenue de la République, F-91744 Massy cedex, France; and 2 Centre Technique de la Salaison, de la Charcuterie et des Conserves de Viandes, 7, Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
Publication date: May 1, 2002
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites