Microbial Evaluation of Selected Fresh Produce Obtained at Retail Markets
Authors: Thunberg, Richard L.; Tran, Tony T.; Bennett, Reginald W.; Matthews, Roger N.; Belay, Negash
Source: Journal of Food Protection®, Number 4, April 2002, pp. 595-725 , pp. 677-682(6)
Abstract:The microbial quality of five types of fresh produce obtained at the retail level was determined by standard quantitative techniques. These techniques included aerobic plate count (APC), total coliform counts, Escherichia coli counts, and yeast and mold counts. Three different methods were used to determine total coliform counts, which consisted of MacConkey agar plate counts, Colicomplete most probable number counts, and Petrifilm E. coli (EC) plate counts. The mean APCs for sprouts, lettuce, celery, cauliflower, and broccoli were 8.7, 8.6, 7.5, 7.4, and 6.3 log10 CFU/g, respectively. MacConkey agar counts indicated that 89 to 96% of the APCs consisted of gram-negative bacteria. Yeast and mold counts were in a range expected of fresh produce. Fresh produce was also analyzed for human pathogens. Samples were analyzed for Staphylococcus spp., Bacillus spp., Salmonella spp., Listeria spp., and Campylobacter spp. One isolate of Staphylococcus was found to be enterotoxigenic, and one species of Bacillus was also toxigenic. Neither Salmonella spp. nor Campylobacter spp. were detected in any of the produce samples. A variety of Listeria spp., including Listeria monocytogenes, were found in fresh produce.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Washington, D.C. 20204, USA
Publication date: 2002-04-01
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