Skip to main content

Viability of a Five-Strain Mixture of Listeria monocytogenes in Vacuum-Sealed Packages of Frankfurters, Commercially Prepared with and without 2.0 or 3.0% Added Potassium Lactate, during Extended Storage at 4 and 10°C

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

The viability of Listeria monocytogenes was monitored on frankfurters containing added potassium lactate that were obtained directly from a commercial manufacturer. Eight links (ca. 56 g each) were transferred aseptically from the original vacuum-sealed bulk packages into nylon-polyethylene bags. Each bag then received a 4-ml portion of a five-strain mixture of the pathogen. Frankfurters containing 2.0 or 3.0% potassium lactate were evaluated using 20 CFU per package, and frankfurters containing 3.0% potassium lactate were evaluated using 500 CFU per package. The packages were vacuum-sealed and stored at 4 or 10°C for up to 90 or 60 days, respectively. During storage at 4°C, pathogen numbers remained at about 1.6 log10 CFU per package over 90 days in packages containing frankfurters with 2.0% potassium lactate that were inoculated with about 20 CFU. In packages containing frankfurters with 3.0% potassium lactate that were inoculated with about 20 CFU and stored at 4°C, pathogen numbers remained at about 1.4 log10 CFU per package over 90 days. In packages containing frankfurters with 3.0% potassium lactate that were inoculated with about 500 CFU and stored at 4°C, pathogen numbers remained at about 2.4 log10 CFU per package over 90 days. However, in the absence of any added potassium lactate, pathogen numbers increased to 4.6 and 5.0 log10 CFU per package after 90 days of storage at 4°C for starting levels of 20 and 500 CFU per package, respectively. During storage at 10°C, pathogen numbers remained at about 1.4 log10 CFU per package over 60 days in packages containing frankfurters with 2.0% potassium lactate that were inoculated with about 20 CFU. In packages containing frankfurters with 3.0% potassium lactate that were inoculated with about 20 CFU and stored at 10°C, pathogen numbers remained at about 1.1 log10 CFU per package over 60 days of storage. In the absence of any added potassium lactate, pathogen numbers increased to 6.5 log10 CFU per package after 28 days and then declined to 5.0 log10 CFU per package after 60 days of storage at 10°C. In packages containing frankfurters with 3.0% potassium lactate that were inoculated with about 500 CFU per package, pathogen numbers remained at about 2.4 log10 CFU per package over 60 days of storage at 10°C, whereas in the absence of any added potassium lactate, pathogen numbers increased to about 6.6 log10 CFU per package within 40 days and then declined to about 5.5 log10 CFU per package after 60 days of storage. The viability of L. monocytogenes in frankfurter packages stored at 4 and 10°C was influenced by the pH and the presence or levels of lactate but not by the presence or levels of indigenous lactic acid bacteria or by the proximate composition of the product. These data establish that the addition of 2.0% (P < 0.0004) or 3.0% (P < 0.0001) potassium lactate as an ingredient in frankfurters can appreciably enhance safety by inhibiting or delaying the growth of L. monocytogenes during storage at refrigeration and abuse temperatures.

Keywords:

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA and Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil 2: Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil 3: Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil 4: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA 5: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA and Instituto di Zootecnia e Nutrizione Animale, University of Bologna, Ozzano, Italy 6: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more