The presence of aflatoxin B1 was analyzed in imported food and feedstuffs of national production in the period of 1990 through 1996, destined to animal and human consumption using an immunoenzymatic reagent
kit (Aflacen, Ckure, la Habana, Cuba) with a detection limit of 0.3 μg/kg. It was found that the 17.04% of a total of 4,594 analyzed samples presented aflatoxin B1, and the biggest percentages
were in sorghum and peanut with an 83.3 and 40.4%, respectively. The corn, oat, wheat, and soy are fundamental raw ingredients in the elaboration of concentrates. Percentages of contamination with
aflatoxin B1 of 23.3, 10.7, 25, and 4.6 were found in corn, oat, wheat, and soy, respectively. Other analyzed foods like rice, beans, and peas presented percentages of contamination with aflatoxin B1 inferior
to 5% of the analyzed samples. It was found that more than 455 samples surpassed the value of 10 μg/kg. Corn and peanut products present a high demand in population showing levels of contamination
superior to 50 μg/kg. The 11.3% of the samples contaminated with aflatoxin B1 have values between 1 and 20 μg/kg, where peanut and concentrates show the highest percentages (21.9 and 18.7),
respectively. These results show levels of aflatoxin B1 in the population that constitute a great risk for human and animal health.
Document Type: Research Article
National Center for Animal and Plant Protection (CENSA), Apartado 10 San Jose´de las Lajas, La Habana, Cuba 2:
Institute of Nutrition and Hygiene of Food (INHA), Infanta No. 1158 Habana 3, Ciudad de la Habana, Cuba
Publication date: January 1, 2002
More about this publication?
IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
To access the Journal of Milk and Food Technology, please click here.