Osmotic Dehydration of Apple Slices with CaCl2 and Sucrose Limits Decay Caused by Penicillium expansum, Colletotrichum acutatum, and Botrytis cinerea and Does Not Promote Listeria monocytogenes or Total Aerobic Population Growth

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

The interaction of Penicillium expansum Link, Colletotrichum acutatum, and Botrytis cinerea Pers.:Fr. with Listeria monocytogenes on osmotically dehydrated apple slices was evaluated. In mineral analyses of the slices, the calcium content of the peel and flesh tissues increased by 4- and 11-fold, respectively, when processed in 2% CaCl2. These slices also exhibited less decay by P. expansum, C. acutatum, and B. cinerea. Inoculation of slices with P. expansum resulted in a decrease in the pH of the flesh tissue at the infection site, while the pHs of slices infected with C. acutatum and B. cinerea increased and remained stable, respectively. Total mold population increased in wounds inoculated with P. expansum or C. acutatum. The presence of L. monocytogenes in the wounds did not significantly affect mold growth. The association of P. expansum and L. monocytogenes on apple slices resulted in a decrease in the bacterial population, whereas L. monocytogenes survived when slices were inoculated with C. acutatum. When associated with B. cinerea, there was a fourfold decrease in the L. monocytogenes population when slices were treated with 2% CaCl2. The total aerobic population was not significantly affected by the type of microorganism added to the wounds or by the osmotic treatment. These data show that osmotic dehydration with 2% CaCl2 combined with 20% sucrose limits decay of apple slices and does not promote bacterial or total aerobic population growth.

Keywords:

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37901, USA 2: Produce Quality and Safety Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Beltsville, Maryland 20705, USA 3: Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37901, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: info@foodprotection.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more