If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

The Effect of the Growth Phase of Staphylococcus aureus on Resistance to Disinfectants in a Suspension Test

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

The influence of growth phase on the resistance of Staphylococcus aureus to the surface-active agents benzalkonium chloride and dodecylbenzyl sulfonic acid and the oxidizing agents sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide was studied. The resistances of cells in different growth phases were compared to those of solid medium cells grown according to the European phase 1 suspension test. Using cells from different growth phases (±3 × 107 CFU ml-1), we found that declinephase cells were the most resistant cells. However, the decline-phase cell suspension contained more than 90% dead cells. A 10-fold-diluted suspension with a total concentration of cells equal to that of the other cell suspensions still revealed declinephase cells to be generally the most resistant cell type. However, the resistance was drastically reduced, indicating that the large proportion of dead cells provided significant protection to the viable decline-phase cells. Hydrogen peroxide resistance could be partly explained by the high catalase activity in the dead-cell fraction. Exponential-phase cells were less resistant than decline-phase cells, and, surprisingly, stationary-phase cells were the least resistant of the three. Cells grown according to the European phase 1 suspension test were never the most resistant cells. Their survival was 1 to 3 log units lower than that of the most resistant cells. These findings show that the solid-medium cells currently used in disinfectant tests are not the most resistant cells that can be used.

Keywords:

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Consumer Technology and Product Use Group, Department of Agrotechnology and Food Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Center, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands 2: Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Agrotechnology and Food Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Center, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands 3: Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Department of Agrotechnology and Food Sciences, Wageningen University and Research Center, P.O. Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: info@foodprotection.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more