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Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis, and Listeria monocytogenes on Apples, Oranges, and Tomatoes by Lactic Acid with Hydrogen Peroxide

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The objective of this study was to develop a practical and effective method for inactivating or substantially reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis, and Listeria monocytogenes on apples, oranges, and tomatoes. Apples, oranges, and tomatoes were spot-inoculated with five-strain mixtures of E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis, and L. monocytogenes near the stem end and were submerged in sterile deionized water containing 1.5% lactic acid plus 1.5% hydrogen peroxide for 15 min at 40°C. Inoculated samples treated with sterile deionized water at the same temperature and for the same duration served as controls. The bacterial pathogens on fruits subjected to the chemical treatment were reduced by >5.0 log10 CFU per fruit, whereas washing in deionized water decreased the pathogens by only 1.5 to 2.0 log10 CFU per fruit. Furthermore, substantial populations of the pathogens survived in the control wash water, whereas no E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis, or L. monocytogenes cells were detected in the chemical treatment solution. The sensory and qualitative characteristics of apples treated with the chemical wash solution were not adversely affected by the treatment. It was found that the treatment developed in this study could effectively be used to kill E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis, and L. monocytogenes on apples, oranges, and tomatoes at the processing or packaging level.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, Griffin, Georgia 30223-1797, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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