Thermal Inactivation D- and z-Values of Salmonella Serotypes and Listeria innocua in Chicken Patties, Chicken Tenders, Franks, Beef Patties, and Blended Beef and Turkey Patties
Abstract:Commercially formulated meat products, including chicken patties, chicken tenders, franks, beef patties, and blended beef and turkey patties, were obtained from processors. Each product was inoculated with 7 to 8 logs of Salmonella (Senftenberg, Typhimurium, Heidelberg, Mission, Montevideo, and California) or Listeria innocua. The inoculated meat samples were heat treated at 55 to 70°C. At each temperature, the decimal reduction time (D) was obtained by linear regression of survival curves. Values of D and the temperature difference required for the thermal inactivation curve to drop a logarithmic cycle (z) were determined for the Salmonella serotypes and L. innocua in each product. At 55 to 70°C, for the five tested products, the D-values for the Salmonella serotypes and L. innocua were 26.97 to 0.25 min and 191.94 to 0.18 min, respectively, and their z-values were 7.60 to 9.83°C and 4.86 to 8.67°C, respectively. Significant differences were found for the D- and z-values among the five products. This study will better enable processors to determine the process lethality of pathogens in commercial meat products.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA 2: Department of Mathematical Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA
Publication date: 2002-01-01
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