A Conductance Method for the Identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Using Bacteriophage AR1
Abstract:The feasibility of using a specific phage (AR1) in conjunction with a conductance method for the identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 was evaluated. The multiplication of strains of E. coli O157:H7 was inhibited by AR1; therefore, a time point (detection time, DT) at which an accelerating change in conductance in the culture broth was not obtained. Bacterial strains were subcultured on sorbitol-MacConkey agar and incubated at 35°C for 24 h, and the ability of the bacteria to ferment sorbitol was recorded. An aliquot of 0.5 ml of the bacterial suspension (107 CFU/ml) and 0.5 ml of the phage suspension (108 PFU/ml) were added to the conductance tube of a Malthus analyzer containing 5 ml of culture broth. The tubes were incubated at 35°C, and conductance changes in the tubes were continuously monitored at 6-min intervals for 24 h by the instrument. A positive reaction was defined as an E. coli strain that could not utilize sorbitol and caused no conductance change (i.e., no DT) within an incubation period of 24 h. Of the 41 strains of E. coli O157:H7 tested, all produced positive reactions. When a total of 155 strains of non-O157:H7 E. coli were tested, 14 did not have a DT within 24 h. However,among these 14 strains, 13 were sorbitol fermenters, and the remaining one was a nonfermenter. Therefore, by definition, only one strain produced a false-positive reaction. The sensitivity and specificity of the present method were 100% (41 of 41) and 99.4% (154 of 155), respectively. The present method incorporating conductimetric measurement and phage AR1 for the identification of E. coli O157:H7 was simple and capable of automation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Medical Technology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan, Republic of China 2: Food Industry Research and Development Institute, 331 Food Road, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, Republic of China
Publication date: January 1, 2002
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites