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Efficacy of Cetylpyridinium Chloride in Immersion Treatment for Reducing Populations of Pathogenic Bacteria on Fresh-Cut Vegetables

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The efficacy of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) immersion to reduce the numbers of three pathogenic bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Escherichia coli O157:H7) on three different fresh-cut vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower, and radishes) was studied. The fresh-cut vegetables were inoculated with one of the three pathogenic bacteria at a concentration of 105 CFU/ml for 1 h at room temperature and then treated with 0.1 or 0.5% CPC immersion for 1 min. Both Salmonella Typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7 plates were incubated from 48 to 72 h at 37°C, and L. monocytogenes plates were incubated from 72 to 96 h before being counted. The results of three experiments showed that for the average of the three vegetables treated with 0.1 and 0.5% CPC, L. monocytogenes was reduced by 2.85 and 3.70 log CFU/g, Salmonella Typhimurium by 2.37 and 3.15 log CFU/g, and E. coli O157:H7 by 1.01 and 1.56 log CFU/g, respectively, in comparison with the vegetables treated with water only. The 0.5% CPC treatment was significantly different (P < 0.05) from the 0.1% CPC treatment on reduction of L. monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, and E. coli O157:H7. The CPC residual on the treated vegetables and their washing solutions were evaluated by using high-performance liquid chromatography.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Poultry Science Department, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA 2: Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA

Publication date: December 1, 2001

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