Penetration of Escherichia coli O157:H7 into Lettuce as Influenced by Modified Atmosphere and Temperature
Abstract:The effects of temperature and atmospheric oxygen concentration on the respiration rate of iceberg lettuce and Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells attachment to and penetration into damaged lettuce tissues were evaluated. Respiration rate of lettuce decreased as the temperature was reduced from 37 to 10°C. Reducing the temperature further to 4°C did not affect the respiration rate of lettuce. Respiration rate was also reduced by lowering the atmospheric oxygen concentration. Lettuce was submerged in E. coli O157:H7 inoculum at 4, 10, 22, or 37°C under 21 or 2.7% oxygen. Attachment and penetration of E. coli O157:H7 were not related to the respiration rate. The greatest numbers of E. coli O157:H7 cells attached to damaged lettuce tissues at 22°C at both oxygen concentrations. More cells were attached under 21% oxygen than under 2.7% oxygen at each temperature, but this difference was small. Penetration of E. coli O157:H7 into lettuce tissue was determined by immunostaining with a fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled antibody. Under 21% oxygen, E. coli O157:H7 cells showed greatest penetration when lettuce was held at 4°C, compared to 10, 22, or 37°C, and were detected at an average of 101 μm below the surfaces of cut tissues. However, under 2.7% oxygen, there were no differences in degree of penetration among four incubation temperatures. The degree of E. coli O157:H7 penetration into lettuce tissue at 4 or 22°C was greater under 21% oxygen than under 2.7% oxygen; however, no difference was observed at 37°C. Conditions that promote pathogen penetration into tissue could decrease the effectiveness of decontamination treatments.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Center for Food Safety, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
Publication date: November 1, 2001
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites