If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium in Artificially Contaminated Alfalfa Seeds and Mung Beans by Fumigation with Ammonia

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Sprouts eaten raw are increasingly perceived as hazardous foods because they have been vehicles in outbreaks of foodborne disease, often involving Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium. Although the source of these pathogens has not been established, it is known that the seeds usually are already contaminated at the time sprouting begins. Earlier studies had shown that ammonia was lethal to these same pathogens in manure, so it seemed reasonable to determine whether ammonia was effective against them when associated with seeds to be used for sprouting. Experimentally contaminated (108 to 109 CFU/g) and dried seeds, intended for sprouting, were sealed in glass jars in which 180 or 300 mg of ammonia/liter of air space was generated by action of ammonium sulfate and sodium hydroxide. Samples were taken after intervals up to 22 h at 20°C. Destruction of approximately 2 to 3 logs was observed with both bacteria associated with alfalfa seeds, versus 5 to 6 logs with mung beans. Greater kills are apparently associated with lower initial bacterial loads. Germination of these seeds was unaffected by the treatment. It appears that this simple treatment could contribute significantly to the safety of sprout production from alfalfa seeds and mung beans.

Keywords:

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: California Department of Health Services, 601 North 7th Street, Sacramento, California 94234-7320 2: Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: info@foodprotection.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more