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Combination of Immunomagnetic Separation and Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Simultaneous Detection of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. in Food Samples

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A method that combined the immunomagnetic separation (IMS) technique and the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method (i.e., the IMS-mPCR method) was developed for simultaneous detection of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. in food samples. When only the multiplex PCR method was used, it was found that if cell numbers of each of the two target organisms (L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp.) were above the detection limit, but differed by more than 2 logs - e.g., n × 107 to n × 104 or n × 106 to n × 103 - the organism presenting the lower numbers might go undetected. Following the enrichment step with universal preenrichment (UP) broth, if an IMS method using equal quantities of anti-Listeria and anti-Salmonella immunomagnetic beads was performed prior to PCR, both pathogens could be detected unambiguously. Such results could be obtained for target organisms in food samples, such as milk, dairy, and meat products, if similar enrichment and IMS steps were performed prior to PCR.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Nutrition, Chung-Hwa College of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan, R.O.C 2: Department of Food Science, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C

Publication date: November 1, 2001

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