If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Chlorine Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Water

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Six human isolates of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and E. coli (ATCC 11229) were used to determine the concentrations of free chlorine and exposure times required for inactivation. Free chlorine concentrations of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 ppm at 23°C were evaluated, with sampling times at 0, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 min. Results revealed that five of six E. coli O157:H7 isolates and the E. coli control strain were highly susceptible to chlorine, with > 7 log10 CFU/ml reduction of each of these strains by 0.25 ppm free chlorine within 1 min. However, comparatively, one of the seven strains was unusually tolerant to chlorine at 23°C for 1 min, with a 4-, 5.5-, 5.8-, and > 5.8-log CFU/ml reduction at free chlorine concentrations (ppm) of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0, respectively. Based on these studies most isolates of E. coli O157:H7 have no unusual tolerance to chlorine; however, one strain was exceptional in being recovered after 1-min of exposure of 107 CFU/ml to 2.0 ppm of free chlorine. This isolate may be a useful reference strain for future studies on chlorine tolerance of E. coli O157:H7.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, Griffin, Georgia 30223-1797, USA 2: Georgia State Public Health Laboratory, Georgia State Public Health Department, Decatur, Georgia 30033-4050, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: info@foodprotection.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more