Detection of Trichothecenes in Animal Feeds and Foodstuffs during the Years 1997 to 2000 in Saudi Arabia
Abstract:A total of 843 commercial animal feed and foodstuff samples (465 samples of agricultural commodities and 378 samples of animal feeds) from all over the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were collected during the years 1997 to 2000 and analyzed for type A and type B trichothecenes (diacetoxyscirpenol, neosolaniol, HT-2 toxin, T-2 toxin, nivalenol, fusarenon-x, deoxynivalenol). Levels of mycotoxins detected ranged from <2 to 4,000 μg/kg deoxynivalenol, 3.25 and 500 μg/kg fusarenon-x, 3.13 to 600 μg/kg nivalenol, 3.13 to 50 μg/kg diacetoxyscirpenol, 6.25 to 200 μg/kg neosolaniol, 3.13 to 18.75 μg/kg HT-2 toxin, and 6.25 μg/kg T-2 toxin. The study reflected the need for routine surveillance of agricultural commodities to minimize potential hazards to human health.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: National Agriculture and Water Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Water, P.O. Box 31623, Riyadh 11418, Saudi Arabia 2: Department of Science (Biology), Teachers College in Riyadh, P.O. Box 4341, Riyadh 11491, Saudi Arabia