Chicken mim-1 Protein, P33, Is a Heterophil Chemotactic Factor Present in Salmonella Enteritidis Immune Lymphokine

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Lymphokine (ILK) secreted from concanavalin A-stimulated T cells from Salmonella Enteritidis-immune chickens is an undefined mixture of proteins that confers protection against Salmonella infectivity when administered to day-old chicks. It has previously been shown that polyclonal antibodies raised against human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) can neutralize the heterophil activation that is responsible for ILK's protective effect. Western blot analysis of ILK probed with anti-GCSF antibodies detects a prominent protein of mass 33 kDa. We have sequenced the first 20 amino acids of this protein and found it to be identical to residues 24 to 43 of P33, a 326-amino acid protein of unknown function encoded by the chicken mim-1 gene. The primary structure of P33 consists of two 140-residue imperfect repeats that are each homologous to a mammalian neutrophil chemotactic factor termed leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2). We have expressed mim-1 in Escherichia coli and demonstrated in vitro that recombinant P33 is chemotactic for heterophils, the avian equivalent of mammalian neutrophils. We have also constructed a derivative of P33 that consists of residues 33 to 165 (P33[33-165]), the first repeat sequence of P33 that is homologous to LECT2. P33(33-165) is chemotactic for heterophils both in vitro and in vivo, inducing an influx of heterophils into the peritoneum in a response similar to that observed with ILK. These results suggest that P33 functions as a chemotactic factor in chickens and that it plays an active role in ILK-mediated protection against Salmonella infection.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Southern Plains Agricultural Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, College Station, Texas 77845, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more