Phosphate Buffer Increases Recovery of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Frozen Apple Juice

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

It is common practice to dilute food products in 0.1% peptone before microbiological analysis. However, this diluent may not be appropriate for detection of injured organisms present in acidic foods. Shelf-stable unclarified apple juice (pH 3.6) was inoculated with approximately 1 × 107 CFU/ml of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and held at 23 ± 2°C (control) or frozen to-20 ± 2°C for 24 h to induce injury before sampling. Unfrozen or frozen and thawed juice was diluted 1:1 or 1:10 in 0.1% (wt/vol) peptone (pH 6.1) or 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.2). Juice samples were plated onto tryptic soy agar with 0.1% (wt/vol) sodium pyruvate (TSAP) to measure survival or onto sorbitol MacConkey agar (SMA) to indicate injury. Counts on TSAP or SMA were the same for control samples held in peptone or phosphate buffer for up to 45 min. However, populations of E. coli in frozen and thawed samples declined rapidly upon dilution in 0.1% peptone. Within 20 min, E. coli underwent a > 1-log10 CFU/ml reduction in viability as measured on TSAP and a > 2-log10 CFU/ml reduction to below the limit of detection (1.6 or 2.3 log10 CFU/ml) on SMA. In contrast, populations of E. coli in frozen and thawed samples diluted in phosphate buffer did not decrease significantly on TSAP and decreased by <0.6 log CFU/ml on SMA during a 45-min holding period. The acidity of apple juice appears to interfere with the recovery of freeze-thaw-injured E. coli O157:H7 during sampling. Using 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.2) as a diluent results in superior recovery of these organisms on both selective and nonselective plating media.

Keywords:

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616-8598, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: info@foodprotection.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more