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Effect of Low-Temperature, High-Pressure Treatment on the Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in Unpasteurized Fruit Juices

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Abstract:

The destructive effect of high pressure (615 MPa) combined with low temperature (15°C) on various strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and various serovars of Salmonella in grapefruit, orange, apple, and carrot juices was investigated. The three-strain cocktail of E. coli O157:H7 (SEA13B88, ATCC 43895, and 932) was found to be most sensitive in grapefruit juice (8.34-log reduction) and least in apple juice (0.41-log reductions) when pressurized at 615 MPa for 2 min at 15°C. Correspondingly, no injured survivor was detected in grapefruit and carrot juices under similar treatment conditions. No Salmonella spp. were detected in a 2-min pressure treatment (615 MPa, 15°C) of grapefruit and orange fruit juices. Except for Enteritidis, all four serovars tested in the present study have viability loss of between 3.92- and 5.07-log reductions when pressurized in apple juice at 615 MPa for 2 min at 15°C. No injured cells were recovered from grapefruit and orange juices, whereas the same treatment demonstrated reduction in numbers of Salmonella serovars Agona and Muenchen in apple juices and to a lesser extent with Typhimurium, Agona, and Muenchen in carrot juice. The present study demonstrated that low-temperature, high-pressure treatment has the potential to inactivate E. coli O157:H7 strains and different Salmonella spp. in different fruit juices.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Kemin Industries (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 12 Senoko Drive, Singapore 758200, Republic of Singapore 2: The National Center for Food Safety and Technology, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit-Argo, Illinois 60501-1933, USA

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