Fatty Acid Modifications and Cholesterol Oxidation in Pork Loin during Frying at Different Temperatures
Abstract:The effect of frying with sunflower oil for 4 min at different temperatures (160, 170, and 180°C) on fatty acids and cholesterol of pork loin meat was studied. Total fat content increased from 5.6% in fresh loin to 7.3, 7.8, and 12.1% at 160, 170, and 180°C, respectively. Interactions with culinary fat gave rise to a significant increase in unsaturated acids/saturated acids and polyunsaturated acids/saturated acids ratios, which could be considered an advantage from a nutritional point of view. Less than 1 ppm (μg/g of sample) of cholesterol oxidation products was detected in fresh loin, whereas fried loin pork contained between 8.58 and 10.89 ppm. 7-Ketocholesterol (5.99 to 8.47 ppm in fried samples) and 7β-hydroxycholesterol (1.43 to 2.55 ppm in fried samples) were the main cholesterol oxidation products. Cholestanetriol was not detected in any sample, and small quantities of 25-hydroxycholesterol and 5,6α-epoxycholesterol were found in the fried sample.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Departamento de Bromatología, Toxicología y Tecnología de Alimentos, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Navarra, 31080-Pamplona, Spain
Publication date: July 1, 2001
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites