Comparison of Methods for Recovery and Enumeration of Campylobacter from Freshly Processed Broilers

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Most traditional Campylobacter detection and enumeration procedures are difficult and time consuming. Estimations of Campylobacter populations by the most probable number (MPN) method are especially laborious. The objective of this collaborative study, performed in duplicate in Agricultural Research Service and Food Safety Inspection Service laboratories, was to compare two MPN procedures (utilizing different selective enrichment broths and plating media) to the direct plating technique for enumeration of Campylobacter from freshly processed (postchill, postdrip) broiler chicken carcasses. Results obtained from the direct plating of carcass rinse samples on Campy-cefex agar were not significantly different (P > 0.05) from an MPN procedure employing Hunt's Campylobacter selective enrichment broth followed by recovery on modified Campylobacter charcoal differential agar. However, both of these procedures provided significantly (P < 0.05) better recovery than a second MPN procedure using Rosef's selective enrichment broth followed by plating on Mueller-Hinton blood agar with antibiotics. The direct plating method offers a more simple, less expensive, more rapid alternative to traditional MPN procedures for estimating Campylobacter populations associated with freshly processed broiler carcasses.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia 30677, USA 2: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety Inspection Service, Athens, Georgia 30677, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2001

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