Rapid Identification of Bacillus cereus Based on the Detection of a 28.5-Kilodalton Cell Surface Antigen
Abstract:Conventional procedures for the identification of suspect Bacillus cereus isolated on mannitol-egg yolk-polymyxin (MYP) agar may need several days. To facilitate the identification of the bacterium, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed. The assay was based on the detection of a 28.5-kDa cell surface antigen of B. cereus. Bacterial colonies grown on MYP agar or nutrient agar were suspended in phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.2) containing 0.1% Teepol. The cell suspensions were heated at 100°C for 5 min and added to the microtiter plates coated with antibodies against the 28.5-kDa antigen. After washing, the same antibodies labeled with horseradish peroxidase were used as secondary antibodies to reveal the signal of antigen-antibody reaction. For 38 strains of B. cereus and 127 strains of non-B. cereus bacteria (including 79 isolates of Bacillus spp.) tested, the sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA were 100 and 88.2%, respectively. Strains producing falsepositive results were members of the B. cereus group (i.e., Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus mycoides, and Bacillus thuringiensis), which are genetically and biochemically similar to B. cereus. Similar ELISA results were obtained by using antibodies against another cell surface antigen with a molecular mass of 20 kDa. If members of the B. cereus group were recognized as a single species, the sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA were 100 and 99.1%, respectively. The ELISA could be used as a rapid method for presumptive identification of B. cereus grown on MYP agar.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Food Industry Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 246, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan 2: Department of Medical Technology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan, Republic of China
Publication date: March 1, 2001
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites