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Antibacterial Effects of Different Food-Related Phosphates Using Aeromonas hydrophila

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Abstract:

Aeromonas hydrophila is considered to be an emergent food-related bacterium. Phosphates are used as additives, mainly in meat products, to improve the quality of these foods. The antibacterial properties of phosphates are also well known. In this work, two A. hydrophila strains in early exponential phase were used: (A) A. hydrophila ATCC 7965 and (B) A. hydrophila derived from food, isolated in our laboratory. MIC and MBC studies were performed to assess the antibacterial effects of four phosphates assayed in brain heart infusion broth (BHI) and modified complete defined synthetic medium (mCDS) as compared to cooked ground meat medium (CM). The MBC values of the phosphates in CM were significantly higher than MIC values in BHI broth and mCDS medium (P < 0.05). In the two latter media, the growth of both A. hydrophila strains was totally inhibited by concentrations between 0.5 and 3.0%. Although all the assayed phosphates proved to have bactericidal effects on A. hydrophila, 0.5% sodium acid pyrophosphate (SAPP) exhibited greater effects in both strains and was selected for subsequent experiments. The bacteriolytic effect of SAPP was spectrophotometrically determined (260 nm of absorbance) by means of the leakage of intracellular nucleotides and microscopically confirmed by the presence of massive gelatinous aggregates. These were identified by enzymes (RNase, DNase, and proteinase) that hydrolyzed the nucleotides and proteins released during cellular lysis in the presence of SAPP. It was concluded that 0.5% SAPP can have bactericidal and bacteriolytic effects in early exponential phase A. hydrophila cells.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Microbiología General, Area Microbiología, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis, Argentina 2: Microbiología General, Area Microbiología, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis, Argentina

Publication date: 2001-02-01

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