If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Differentiation between Types and Strains of Clostridium botulinum by Riboprinting

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


The ability of automated ribotyping to differentiate between major types and individual strains of Clostridium botulinum was tested using the Qualicon Riboprinter Microbial Characterization System. Pure spores of C. botulinum type A, proteolytic type B, nonproteolytic type B, and type E strains were inoculated onto modified anaerobic egg yolk agar and incubated 24 h at 35°C. Plates were rinsed with buffer (2 mM Tris + 20 mM EDTA) to remove vegetative cells that were heated for 10 min at 80°C, treated with a lysing agent, and ribotyped in the Qualicon Riboprinter utilizing the enzyme EcoRI. Riboprint patterns were obtained for 30 strains of the four major types of C. botulinum most commonly involved in human foodborne botulism. Proteolytic strains yielded the best and most consistent results. Fifteen ribogroups were identified among the 31 strains tested. Interestingly, in two cases, a single ribogroup contained patterns from isolates belonging to evolutionarily distinct Clostridium lineages. This degree of differentiation between strains of C. botulinum may be useful in hazard analysis and identification, hazard analysis and critical control point monitoring and validation, environmental monitoring, and in inoculation studies.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, National Center for Food Safety and Technology, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit-Argo, Illinois 60501 2: Illinois Institute of Technology, National Center for Food Safety and Technology, 6502 South Archer Road, Summit-Argo, Illinois 60501 3: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street S.W., Washington, D.C. 20204, USA

Publication date: October 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: info@foodprotection.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more